Mi. Jul 24th, 2024

Der UN- Sicherheitsrat bleibt im Rahmen von Gaza-Israel weiterhin unverbindlich. Ein call (=Aufruf) zu humanitären Pausen wurde gemacht – diesem Aufruf können Staaten folge leisten, oder auch nicht.
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Wenn Israel nun beschließt, dass es diesem Aufruf nicht folge leistet, so ist das auch OK, hat keine rechtlichen Folgen, weil es eben ein unverbindlicher Aufruf ist (dem Staaten folge leisten können, oder auch nicht).

Diese Resolution ist besser als nichts – aber rechtlich auch nicht viel mehr als nichts – sic!

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Die UN teilt mit: https://press.un.org/en/2023/sc15496.doc.htm

Adopting Resolution 2712 (2023), Security Council Calls for ‘Urgent and Extended’ Humanitarian Pauses in Gaza, Immediate Release of Hostages

In a late-breaking meeting today, the Security Council adopted resolution 2712 (2023) by a vote of 12 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States), by which it called for urgent and extended humanitarian pauses and corridors through the Gaza Strip to facilitate the provision of essential goods and services.

Further to the text, the Council called for the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages held by Hamas and other groups, especially children, and urged the parties to refrain from depriving the civilians in Gaza of life-saving services and humanitarian assistance.

Prior to the adoption, the Russian Federation’s delegate introduced an amendment, which he described as the “lowest common denominator, lower than which the Council cannot allow itself to fall”.  The language, he said, repeats the General Assembly’s resolution, adopted by a majority on 26 October.

The amendment was defeated by a vote of 5 in favour (Brazil, China, Mozambique, Russian Federation, United Arab Emirates) to 1 against (United States), with 9 abstentions (Albania, Gabon, Ghana, Ecuador, France, Japan, Malta, Switzerland, United Kingdom).

Malta’s representative, introducing the resolution, said it focuses on the plight of children trapped and of those being held hostage.  Its passage would enable urgent rescue and recovery efforts and the medical evacuation of sick or injured children and their caregivers, she said.

Following the vote, Council members weighed in on their positions, with Brazil’s representative noting that the Council’s response, commensurate with the gravity of the situation, was urgent since day one.  He hoped that, if truly and urgently implemented, the text will at least mitigate the dreadful situation.

The representative of the United Arab Emirates, recognizing that the resolution was adopted through difficult negotiations and compromises on all sides, commended Malta’s leadership.  Emphasizing that what emerges from the ruins of Gaza may be the last chance of the Council members to save it, she said that it will need everyone to work together.

China’s representative, noting his support for the text, welcomed any initiative to protect civilians and ease the humanitarian crisis.  He, however, was concerned about the siege of the Al-Shifa Hospital and urged Israel to cease its military operations against civilian facilities.  The Council should stand on the side of justice, he concluded.

Among the three abstentions to the resolution was the United States, whose representative said she could not vote yes on a text that did not condemn Hamas, which set the conflict in motion.  Stressing that the adoption of the resolution will not save lives, she added that to do that, “we all need to support the heroic efforts of the UN and other humanitarian workers in Gaza”.

The Permanent Observer for the State of Palestine emphasized that the Council should have called for a ceasefire a long time ago, stressing that millions of lives hang in the balance.  Urging those present to stop the killing and forced displacements and allow humanitarian aid, he said, “These should not be words in a resolution, but a reality on the ground.”

Israel’s representative said that the text focuses solely on the humanitarian situation and makes no mention of what led up to this moment. Underscoring that his country will continue to do whatever it takes to bring the hostages home, he said “should Hamas choose to lay down their arms, turn themselves in, and hand over the hostages unscathed, this war would end immediately”.

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